Standardization of buildings for housing

If you are planning a home purchase to housing developers, if asked about the standardization of building a home made? Better you ask in advance because it is very important to determine the quality of houses that you will buy. Of course, after you ask it to a developer, you do cross-checks in the field, whether the developers say in accordance with the existing building or not?

The amount of the quality of building materials used, influence on the resistance of the building period. Of the best quality at a great price, then the medium and finally the low quality at a price certainly cheaper. Standardization of the building can also be influenced by natural factors or contour of the land. If you are in the tropics, of course, you choose building materials can reduce heat, because it is generally in the tropical warm air temperature. However, if the air temperature was cold areas, then surely you will look for your home building material that is able to provide warmth.

If you are in Indonesia (Southeast Asia), booming property business. Many developers offer apartments, office space, luxury housing to offer with label “ perumahan murah ”. Not that developers offer cheap housing was to build a house with a lower quality, it could be developers offer housing at bargain prices because the existence of government subsidies for the construction of housing that people who have high levels of low to middle income can buy a house at an affordable price, with good quality building materials, and not cheap. Policies regarding housing for the people of each State is different, but to standardize the quality of the building on the outline is the same.

It is recommended to you who are not so familiar with the quality of the building, to encourage the builder when you are going to buy a house. Of course building experts can assess the house offered by the developer to you, whether home prices offered by the building materials that are applicable or not. Do not be deceived by offering a high price, but you get a house with a very low quality of the buildings, or vice versa.

Now you need to check if you are going to buy a cheap house is:
1. Foundations
Use good foundation stone

2. Frame Roof
In general roof truss wood roof truss normally use, but now because of the high wooden roof frame can be replaced with a lightweight steel roof truss

3. Wall
It’s good to use a red brick wall, but to get a cheap price but the quality of the medium there could use brick, indeed quality under a red brick but not too bad

4. Floor
For the floor you should use ceramics

I hope the above information provides benefits for all of us who will buy a home through a real estate developer or you choose yourself.

Restroom maintenance to keeping odors under control

Some facilities have purchased new equipment that is designed specifically for the task of cleaning restrooms, while others have purchased absorbent mats that are placed under toilets and urinals. Still others have installed odor-control products in each restroom, all in the hopes of preventing or masking odors.

Restroom odors can create major problems for housekeeping managers. Many institutional and commercial facilities carry out the basic tasks required to control odors, including performing daily cleaning.

But even with these methods, many restrooms have a distinct odor. And if a restroom smells bad, visitors and occupants alike will be perceive it as dirty. Successfully combatting restroom odor requires that managers understand the source of the odor and specify products to address it.

Conditions and Causes

Understanding the conditions that cause restroom odors will help managers devise a strategy to successfully remove them and prevent their return. Primarily, there must both be humidity and warm temperatures. The warmer the temperature and higher the humidity, the greater the likelihood that a restroom will have odors.

Since managers generally cannot control these conditions in restrooms, they must try to control the source of the odor, as well as mask and counteract the odor, if needed.

For the majority of restrooms, urine is the source of odor. This odor is actually caused by bacteria that have grown by using urine as a food source. As the bacteria grows, so does the odor.

How does bacteria grow? Warm, acidic urine makes a good food source for bacteria. The urine changes from an acid to an alkaline, and the alkaline salt attracts more moisture, which allows the bacterial growth process to renew. This process will continue and cause a stronger odor until the bacteria is destroyed.

Another potential source of odors that managers often overlook is the floor drain. If the trap in the floor drains dries out, it will emit sewer gas.

To prevent this from occurring, cleaning crews once a month should pour a cup of water down the drain to keep the trap full and stop the gas from escaping. Some managers also add enzymes to the trap.

Pouring a capful of vegetable oil down the trap also will help seal in the gas and stop the water from drying out and causing odors. But most often, pouring plain water down the drain regularly will prevent floor drains from contributing to restroom odors.

Chemical Considerations

Removing an odor means neutralizing urine salts. Then, crews can eliminate food source and counteract the odor.

Cleaners can use an acid neutralizer to break down alkaline salts. The neutralizer either can be mopped or sprayed on the affected area. After rinsing this area, cleaners can apply a disinfectant to destroy the bacteria. To ensure success, cleaners should allow the disinfectant to sit on the affected area for at least 10 minutes.

Cleaning crews should disinfect restrooms daily using an acid neutralizer to remove urine from floors. Grout, including floor and wall grout, is a perfect place for the bacteria to grow, so cleaning crews should pay close attention to these areas.

Managers also can specify the daily use of an enzyme-based product to destroy bacteria. Enzymes digests the bacteria’s food source, as well as the bacteria itself, causing the bacteria to die. Enzyme products can contain various types of enzymes:

  • amylase, which converts starch to sugar
  • cellulase, which digests bacteria
  • protease, which digests protein.

Products that combine these enzymes tend to be the most effective treatment for restroom odors.

While using enzymes will help in destroying the bacteria and reducing the odor, this process might take several days to destroy all of the bacteria.

Managers should be aware of one caveat that goes along with this tactic:Cleaning crews should not use enzymes in conjunction with disinfectants because disinfectants can destroy the enzymes before they are able to digest the bacteria.

Managers also might want to instruct cleaners to apply a deodorant to these areas, which will serve to mask the odors until the bacteria is eliminated.

Once all the bacteria are destroyed and digested, the odor should dissipate. Thereafter, regular use of the enzymes should keep the bacteria away and prevent odor from returning.

Deodorizers

In restrooms where poor airflow is a problem — generally, most restrooms — a deodorizer can help. Choosing the right type of deodorizer, as well as the method of deodorizing, is an important part in addressing restroom odors.

Cleaning crews can apply deodorizers by mopping the floor or by spraying them into the air. Some deodorizers are timed-release sprays, others come in the form of blocks that are placed in toilets or urinals, and still others are enzymes and deodorizers that are applied with each flush.

Managers have several classes of deodorants from which to choose. Some mask the odor, and others eliminate the odor. Some absorb humidity and filter the air, and many add a fragrance to the air.

Deodorizers can be gels, solids or oils that are made with strong fragrances to cover unpleasant odors.

Many deodorizers are made from glycol, which makes the odor molecule heavier than the surrounding air, causing them to fall to the ground, where they are later removed by cleaning. A counteractant is a type of pairing agent. This chemical combines with the odor’s molecules to change its make-up and form a new, non-odorous molecule.

So to deodorize any odor, the key is to eliminate the source of the odor, then clean the contaminated area. The last step is to actually deodorize the area.

For urine, simply spraying the area is sufficient. Having a deodorizer in the mop water will enable it to penetrate that area, eliminating the odor. Mopping the floor daily with a disinfectant cleaner will also destroy the odor-causing bacteria, reducing odors.

Cleaning pointers

  • Daily cleaning using the proper chemicals is the best way to prevent odors.
  • Using new equipment like the no-touch cleaning systems, along with disinfectant or enzymes, also will help reduce bacteria. The no-touch system will clean grout and not leave any residue on the floor, as mopping would.
  • A dirty mop and mop water often contributes to the the formation of odors.
  • Mopping a grouted floor can leave dirt and bacteria in the grout, helping bacteria to grow.
  • The use of the absorbent mats under commodes and urinals will help stop urine from contacting the floor and the mats can be changed frequently so that no odors occur.

For the restrooms that have a continuous problem with odors, managers might have to schedule intensive cleaning of grout, walls and ceilings using a neutralizer, followed by disinfectants, enzymes and a combination of odor-control devices.

Finding the right odor-control strategy can be time-consuming and challenging. A combination of different systems might be required in some cases. In general, however, daily cleaning with a disinfectant, combined an odor counteractant, will do the job.

Source : http://www.facilitiesnet.com

Doing routine roof inspections rather than waiting for big trouble coming

Unlike the interior of a house, it is sometimes difficult to know when the shingles and structures on top need work. A big water spot on an interior ceiling is the incident that often leads to a call for a roofing contractor to come out and assess the damage. Your home is an investment that requires constant maintenance to protect its value. Maintaining a home means keeping it clean, making repairs when needed, and giving the structure periodic “facelifts” by painting and updating components such as windows and doors. A home will show signs of wear and tear that will let you know when it is time for some upgrades. When walls get dirty, you might decide to paint the interior with a new and updated color. Likewise, if your carpet is old and out of style, you may choose an easy-care carpet in a color that complements your new paint. These are not just aesthetic improvements-they may add value to your home, especially if you are considering putting it on the market soon. There is, however, one part of a house you may accidentally overlook when it comes to maintenance and repair. That part is the roof.

Instead of waiting for a major problem, it is a better idea to work with a roofing contractor before you notice water leaks or other signs of damage. By performing an annual inspection, the contractor can identify issues and repair them immediately, which can help you avoid costly damage to your attic and ceilings. You might think that you can inspect your own roofing maintenance needs, but if you do not have experience in this area, you would be wise to leave the inspection to a professional. First, you could injure yourself by falling from the top of the house. Second, you may not be aware of all of the issues that you need to look for to make a sound assessment of the structure.

A qualified roofing contractor will know what to look for when evaluating your home’s roof. He or she will inspect with a keen eye, finding problems like damaged shingles, small holes that might allow water to leak into the attic, and flashing that is loose or missing. Additional problems that the inspection might uncover include evidence that bats or squirrels have entered an attic, problems in and around chimneys or smoke stacks, sagging areas, and damaged gutters.